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Countries can be categorized into different groups based on their level of integration into globalization. Here are some common categories:

  • Developed countries: These are countries with advanced economies and high levels of integration into the global economy. They typically have high levels of education, infrastructure, and technological development, and they are often characterized by strong political institutions and stable governance. Examples of developed countries include the United States, Canada, Western European countries, Australia, and Japan.
  • Emerging markets: These are countries with developing economies that are experiencing rapid growth and integration into the global economy. They may have a large and growing middle class, abundant natural resources, and favorable demographic trends. Examples of emerging markets include China, India, Brazil, Russia, and South Africa.
  • Developing countries: These are countries with low levels of economic development and limited integration into the global economy. They may face significant barriers to trade and investment, and they often have limited access to technology and education. Many developing countries are in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and parts of Latin America.
  • Least developed countries: These are the poorest and most marginalized countries in the world, often characterized by high levels of poverty, conflict, and humanitarian crises. They have limited access to education, healthcare, and infrastructure, and they often face significant challenges in integrating into the global economy. Examples of least-developed countries include Afghanistan, Yemen, Haiti, and Somalia.

It’s important to note that these categories are not fixed, and countries can move between them over time. Additionally, the benefits and drawbacks of globalization can vary widely even within these categories, depending on factors such as governance, natural resources, and economic policies.


Invading New Markets by Andy Singer (1998)
This document is a cartoon. 
It represents a Third World country (perhaps a tropical island) being invaded. The invaders / soldiers are characters from Walt Disney’s comic world. The uniforms, the planes and the warships bear logos of big American companies such as Nike, Texaco, Shell, McDonald’s, etc. 
The scene in the background of Goofy soldiers setting up a Microsoft flag is a reminiscence of the famous photograph of a group of soldiers at Iwo Jima during the Second World War. 
On the one hand, this cartoon criticizes the spread of the American culture in the world and the massive influence of the U.S. economy across the world. The USA has swept the globe with its products. The American MNC dominate the financial and economic world and they take advantage of the globalization process. 
On the other hand, this document illustrates the unequal integration of the territories in the world. Some of them are extorting goods and money (Triad, emerging countries) whereas others are dominated and even exploited (Sub-Saharan countries). 


  • Developed countries
  • Developing countries
  • Emerging countries
  • Megalopolis