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Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) was a British politician, statesman, and writer who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom twice, from 1940 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1955. He is widely regarded as one of the most important figures of the 20th century and is known for his leadership during World War II, his oratory skills, and his contributions to British and world history.

Churchill was born into an aristocratic family and had a career in the military before entering politics. He served as a Member of Parliament for several different constituencies and held various positions in the government, including Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer. He was a strong advocate for British imperialism and played a leading role in shaping British foreign policy during the interwar period.

During World War II, Churchill became Prime Minister and led Britain through some of its darkest days, inspiring the country with his speeches and his determination to defeat Nazi Germany. He also played a key role in the Allied war effort, working closely with leaders such as Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin to coordinate the war strategy.

After the war, Churchill remained an important figure in British politics and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 for his contributions to literature and journalism. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest British statesmen of all time and his legacy continues to influence British and world politics to this day.

Document / archive

Churchill views the wreck of Coventry Cathedral, damaged by German bombs. Fremantle/Alamy


  • Conservative Party
  • Liberal Party
  • Member of Parliament
  • Coalition Government