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The term « special relationship » is often used to describe the close and historically significant diplomatic, political, cultural, and military ties between the United States and the United Kingdom. Several factors contribute to this special relationship:

  • Shared History and Cultural Ties: The United States and the United Kingdom share a common language, legal system, and historical roots. The US was originally a British colony, and its founding principles were influenced by British political and legal traditions. The historical ties and cultural affinities between the two countries have helped foster a sense of kinship and understanding.
  • Common Values and Democracy: The US and the UK have a long-standing commitment to democratic principles, individual liberty, and the rule of law. Both countries share a belief in democratic governance, human rights, and a free market economy. These shared values have often aligned the interests of the two nations on various global issues.
  • Defense and Intelligence Cooperation: The US and the UK have a deep and robust defense relationship. They have cooperated closely in military operations, intelligence sharing, and defense technology. This includes joint military exercises, intelligence cooperation through organizations like the Five Eyes alliance, and sharing of defense capabilities and resources.
  • Diplomatic Alignment: The US and the UK often align their diplomatic positions on key international issues, including security, counterterrorism, human rights, and economic matters. They frequently consult and coordinate their approaches on global challenges, which enhances their collective influence and ability to shape international affairs.
  • Economic Partnership: The US and the UK have substantial economic ties. They are major trading partners, with significant investments and cross-border business activities. Both countries have strong financial sectors, and their economies are deeply interconnected, leading to a mutual interest in promoting economic cooperation and growth.
  • Cultural Exchange and Influence: The cultural exchange between the US and the UK has been substantial, with the two countries mutually influencing each other’s arts, literature, music, and popular culture. The close ties in these areas have helped foster a sense of shared identity and familiarity between the people of the two nations.

It is important to note that while the special relationship between the US and the UK has endured over time, it has also experienced periods of strain and differences on specific issues. Nonetheless, the deep historical, cultural, and strategic connections continue to shape the relationship between the two countries.

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Royal Crown Derby porcelain Scotty dog figurine gifted by Mrs. Cherie Blair, wife of Prime Minister Tony Blair. Hand-painted royal blue with gold, red, and green features and small tartan patterns. Designed by Jane James.