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Australia is a highly integrated country in the global economy, with strong ties to both Asia and the Western world. Here are some of the ways in which Australia is integrated into globalization:

  • Trade: Australia is a major exporter of natural resources, including coal, iron ore, and liquefied natural gas, and it also exports agricultural products, such as meat, wheat, and dairy. China is Australia’s largest trading partner, followed by Japan, South Korea, and the United States.
  • Investment: Australia is an attractive destination for foreign investment, particularly in the natural resources and real estate sectors. Foreign investment is also flowing into Australia’s growing tech industry, with companies such as Atlassian and Canva based in Sydney.
  • Migration: Australia has a significant migrant population, with people from all over the world coming to live and work in the country. Many migrants come from neighboring Asian countries such as China, India, and the Philippines.
  • Education: Australia is a popular destination for international students, with its universities ranked highly in international rankings. Many international students come from China, India, and other Asian countries.
  • Tourism: Australia is a popular tourist destination, with visitors coming from all over the world to experience the country’s natural beauty, beaches, and cities.

Overall, Australia is an open economy with a highly skilled workforce, stable political institutions, and a business-friendly environment. It is well-positioned to take advantage of the opportunities of globalization, while also managing the challenges that come with increased economic and cultural integration.


Source: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2021, Trade statistics, Trade in goods and services: 2020–21 financial year; Austrade

Twelve of the top 15 export markets are in Asia, generating total exports worth A$326 billion in 2020. This represents three-quarters of our total exports of goods and services. Other top export destinations include the US (3rd), UK (5th), New Zealand (8th), and Germany (14th).


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